Lithuania is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. It is estimated that 40 percent of identified Lithuanian trafficking victims are women and girls (under the age of 16) subjected to sex trafficking within the country. Approximately 21 percent of Lithuanian trafficking victims are underage girls. Lithuanian women are also trafficking victims in France, Germany, Italy, Ireland, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and the UK. Lithuanian women and girls from orphanages and state-run foster homes, as well as women with mental or psychological disabilities, are especially vulnerable. A small number of women from Russia and Belarus are transported through Lithuania enroute to Western Europe, where they are forced into prostitution. Some Lithuanian men are subjected to forced labor in the Netherlands, the UK, and the United States, including in agriculture.
Factors of Human Trafficking Infrastructure:
There is a high level of unemployment and a lack of education among Lithuanian women and minors in prostitution and those who are trafficked in Lithuania. Poverty causes trafficking victims to look for any form of income and can leave them vulnerable to promises of high-paying jobs in Western Europe. Even those with jobs are paid very little, and women earn less than men.
Primary Destination Location:
United Kingdom was the No. 1 destination for human trafficking from Lithuania, with girls as young as 14 being brought to the U.K. to work in brothels.
Recent Human-Trafficking of Lithuanians working in the farm industry has also been brought to light in the United Kingdom.